Military Files: 9/11
On September 11, 2001 there were a series of terrorist attacks on the United States. The attacks were executed through hijacking four airplanes and driving them into buildings around the country. The attacks surprised many people and resulted in the death of 2996 people. The attacks changed the way that Americas operated and led to the War on Terrorism and other military actions in the Middle East. Today, many people are still recovering from the effects of the attacks.
The World Trade Center
The attacks began with the hijacking of American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 157. Both of these flights left from the Boston Logan airport. Flight 11 was flown into the North Tower of the World Trade Center at 8:46 am and Flight 157 hit the South Tower at 9:03 am. The towers later collapsed as a result of the attacks. Many people were trapped in the towers and were unable to escape. The majority of the casualties from the attacks occurred here. It took nearly eighteen months to completely clean up after the attacks, and there were several weeks of search and rescue efforts with very few survivors after the attacks.
The Pentagon and Shanksville, Pennsylvania
After the attacks in New York City, the attacks spread to Washington D.C where terrorists took control of American Airlines Flight 77 and flew that plane into the Pentagon at 9:37 am. At that point the FAA shut down the airspace. Most of the planes were able to land safely but United Airlines Flight 93 was hijacked. After hearing about the other attacks, the passengers aboard this flight fought back, and the plane ended up crashing into a field in Pennsylvania instead of hitting its intended target. The airspace was shut down for several days stranding travelers as the country tried to deal with the aftermath of the attacks.
Al-Qaeda and the Attacks
The investigation revealed that the attacks had been planned for quite a long time. Eventually al-Qaeda did claim responsibility, although they initially denied participation. Osama bin Laden, the leader of al-Qaeda, helped to plan the attacks, and went into hiding to prevent arrest. He was found and killed for his role in the attacks on May 1, 2011, almost a decade later.
The Aftermath of the Attacks
The United States declared a War on Terrorism and began fighting in Iraq and in Afghanistan in the hopes of tracking down the leaders of al-Qaeda and to prevent future attacks on Americans. The tragedy of 9/11 also had a negative effect on the economy and the stock market fell significantly. Rescue workers and citizens near the World Trade Center have suffered health problems as result of the toxic materials they were exposed to. The government also changed many policies surrounding terrorism and the way the government can get information as a result of the attacks.
- National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States: The 9-11 commission set up this site, and it documents how the government responded to the 9-11 attacks.
- The 9-11 Commission Report: The GPO Access service provides this report about the 9-11 Commission and what they did in response to the terrorist attacks.
- 9/11 Investigation (PENTTBOM): This is the FBI’s report on the 9-11 attacks and the government’s response.
- EPA Response to September 11: This report covers how the Environmental Protection Agency responded to the attacks on September 11th.
- 9/11 Tenth Anniversary: USA.gov provides a comprehensive report with links to other sites about the response of the government and its agencies to the terrorist attacks on September 11th.
- NASA Remembers September 11th: This article looks at the many different things NASA has done to honor the victims of 9-11.
- Families of September 11: This organization provides help and support to people who lost loved ones in the attacks. It is made of people who personally suffered a loss from the attacks and is a good resource on the attacks.
- Memorial Takes Shape as Dedication for Flight 93 Park Draws Near: This article looks at the memorial that is being built where flight 93 crashed on September 11. The September 11th Families’ Association offers support through peer groups and counseling to those who lost a loved one during the attacks.
- GI Transferability Bill Has Arrived: This page set up by Defense department offers information on transferring the unused GI bill benefits to other members of your family.
- Unheard Voices of 9/11: This website is run by the Unheard Voices of 9/11 organization to help spread awareness of the discrimination that has happened as a result of the terrorist attacks. You can watch videos and hear people’s stories on the website.
- 9/11 Health: The New York City government has set up this information portal to help people who are suffering from health conditions related to the 9/11 attacks.
- WTC Health Outreach: The 9/11 Environmental Action group was formed to help monitor the health conditions caused by the fall of the World Trade Center. This page gives updates on studies and initiatives completed by the government and other organizations.
- Children of September 11: This organization provides a website as a resource to help the children and other family members affected by the terrorist attacks on September 11th.
- 911 Day of Service: This organization gathers people together and encourages them to do an act of community service to help remember the victims of 9/11 each year.
- BGZ Releases WE COUNT! Documenting the 9/11 Health Crisis 8 Years Later: Beyond Ground Zero is the combined effort of several community groups concerned about the health impact of the 9/11 attacks. The article talks about the documentary on the subject.
- Tuesday’s Children: This is an organization that helps the families of the victims of 9/11. They also help other terrorism victims.
- The 9/11 Living Memorial Project: Voices of September 11 has created a video that documents the attacks and their effects over the last ten years. You can request a showing of the video through their website.
- Where to Turn: This organization provides relief to any victims of tragedies such as 9/11 or recent tornados.
- World Trade Center Rescuers Foundation: This foundation was set up by the rescue workers to help provide information about the toxic air and other poor conditions that affected the workers during the cleanup and rescue effort.
- Pilots for 9/11 Truth: This organization was formed by professional pilots, to help uncover the truth surrounding the attacks.
- September 11th Education Trust: This website provides a variety of resources for teachers to use when teaching about the attacks.
- 911 Material for Teachers: The Department of Education provides this resource for teachers to help them teach about the events of 911.
- 9/11 and the Constitution: The Center for Civic Education provides this resource to help teachers and students look at how the events have affected how the Constitution is interpreted.
- Teaching 9-11: This site offers resources and links to other resources to help you teach about September 11th. The Clark Forum of Dickinson College runs the site.
- Remembering September 11: The News Hour with Jim Lehrer through PBS provides this lesson plan with activities and writing assignments to help teachers when discussing the events of September 11th.
- Classroom Lesson Plans Teaching About 9-11: The History News Network offers this lesson plan for teachers to use.
- America Responds Classroom Resources: PBS offers several lesson plans related to the different events that happened in response to the attacks.
- 9/11 /2001: The Day That Changed America: Scholastic offers an in depth resource for teachers and students that focus on the attacks and the way they affected the United States.
- Special Coverage of the Attacks in NY, DC: The Online News Hour through PBS allows you access to coverage of the attacks as well as other resources to teach your students about how events unfolded that day.
- Complete 9-11 Timeline: History Commons provides a timeline on how things occurred, as well as other resources.
- Teaching 9/11: Lessons to Inspire Your Students: The September 11th Education Program provides a myriad of resources to help you teach your students about the terrorist attacks.
- 9/11 Memorial: The New York City School Department offers a wide variety of resources to help you teach about the terrorist attacks.
|Military Loan Resources|
Edited by: Mary Davis